Great Ashoka was the grand son Read More … Born into a royal family, he was good at fighting since childhood and received royal military training. Gandhara Buddha, Taxilaby Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA) It is entirely possible that Ashoka could have been aware of Buddha’s message before Kalinga and simply not taken it to heart, not allowed it to in any way alter his behavior. (2020, June 24). In following this principle, Ashoka would not have been able to implement Buddhism fully as a new governmental policy because, first of all, he needed to continue to present a public image of strength and, secondly, most of his subjects were not Buddhist and would have resented that policy. While on exile in Kalinga for two years to escape his brothers’ enmity, he met and fell in love with its princess, Kaurwaki, as a commoner, both unaware of each other’s real identities. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 24 Jun 2020. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Ashoka had the relics removed and is said to have decreed the construction of 84,000 stupas throughout the country, each to have some part of the Buddha’s remains inside. He had several half-brothers and sisters from his father’s other wife. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Ashoka_the_Great/. Apart from Kaurwaki and Devi, he is believed to have had many other wives too. Also Known As: Dharma Ashoka, Ashoka the Terrible, Asoka, Ashoka the Great, Famous as: Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty, Spouse/Ex-: Karuvaki, Maharani Devi, Rani Padmavati, Tishyaraksha, children: Charumati, Jaluka, Kunala, Mahinda, Sangamitta, Tivala, See the events in life of Ashoka in Chronological Order, Ashoka, also known as ‘Ashoka the Great’, was the third ruler of the Mauryan Empire and one of the greatest emperors of India who ruled almost the entire Indian subcontinent. When European scholars began exploring Indian history in the 19th century, the British scholar and orientalist James Prinsep came across an inscription on the Sanchi stupa in an unknown script which, eventually, he came to understand as referencing a king by the name of Devanampiya Piyadassi who, as far as Prinsep knew, was referenced nowhere else. Asoka was born in 304 BC, to Mauryan Emperor Bindusara and mother queen, Dharma. Cite This Work According to one tradition, the name of Asoka’s mother was Subhadrangi. Greek and Aramaic inscriptions by king Ashoka. Read on this biography to know more about the life history of ‘Ashoka the Great’: Early Life . The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Mahadevigave birth to Mahendra (son) and Sangamitra (daughter). He was highly educated at court, trained in martial arts, and was no doubt instructed in the precepts of the Artashastra – even if he was not considered a candidate for the throne – simply as one of the royal sons. His other names were Devanampiya (Sanskrit Devanampriya meaning Beloved of the Gods) and … Although he was the greatest of the kings of one of the largest and most powerful empires in antiquity, his name was lost to history until he was identified by the British scholar and orientalist James Prinsep (l. 1799-1840 CE) in 1837 CE. Ashoka Priyadarshi, ascended the Magadhan throne in the 273 B.C. Ashoka had several elder siblings and just one younger sibling, Vitthashoka. He was very adventurous and a trained fighter, who was known for his skills with the sword. It is also possible that Ashoka’s knowledge of Buddhism was rudimentary and that it was only after Kalinga, and a spiritual journey through which he sought peace and self-forgiveness, that he chose Buddhism from among the other options available. Ashoka’s dhamma includes this understanding but expands it to mean general goodwill and beneficence to all as “right behavior” which promotes peace and understanding. Ashoka (304 BC – 232 BC), popularly known as Ashoka the Great, was an Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty who ruled almost all of the Indian subcontinent from 269 BC to 232 BC.One of India's greatest emperors, Ashoka reigned over most of present-day India after a number of military conquests. Related Content According to the accepted account, once Ashoka embraced Buddhism, he embarked on a path of peace and ruled with justice and mercy. This is most likely true but, at the same time, may not be. He once put his ministers through a loyalty test in which he killed 500 of them. According to one legend, Bindusara provided his son with an army but no weapons; the weapons were provided later by supernatural means. In addition to this, his Ashoka Chakra, inscribed on many of his relics (most prominent among which is the Lion Capital of Sarnath and The Ashoka Pillar), is at the centre of the National flag of India. Ashoka – Life & Dhamma (UPSC Notes):-Download PDF Here. Ashoka walked across the Kalinga battlefield, looking upon the death & destruction, & experienced a profound change of heart. He used military strength in order to expand the empire and created sadistic rules against criminals. 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