These wanderers travelled from place to place, singing and preaching their message of human brotherhood. At least by a few thousand of years. Punjabis have been known to have inhabited the Indus Valley as far back as 2500 BC. Therefore, the word Punjab means five waters, and is thought of as “the land of five rivers”. Over 93% of people who speak Punjabi as their first language live in Pakistan and India. The Gurmukhi script was first used to record the Sikh scriptures, the Adi Granth, in 1604. Punjabi is an ancient language, but like Punjabi, started its literary career pretty late. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Ravi River was the prime location where their ancestors settled, and the Afghans, Turks… History of Punjabi Language The Punjabilanguage is written using two systems: Shahmukhi— a Perso-Arabic alphabet (ست سِری اَکال), and Gurmukhi— a modified Sikh script (ਸਤਿ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਅਕਾਲ।). The word Punjabi (sometimes spelled Panjabi) has been derived from the word Panj-āb, Persian for 'Five Waters', referring to the five major eastern tributaries of the Indus River. The name of the region was introduced by the Turko-Persian conquerors of South Asia and was a translation of the Sanskrit name for the region, Panchanada, which means 'Land of the Five Rivers'. Punjabi is a descendent of a language of northern India called Shauraseni. Since Pakistan’s Punjab is much larger and less homogeneous than its Indian counterpart, its internal linguistic variety has also encouraged opposition to the Punjabi activists based in the provincial capital of Lahore by rival groups based in the less prosperous outlying areas of the province, notably by the proponents of Siraiki in the southwestern districts, whose claims to separate linguistic status are vigorously disputed by adherents to the Punjabi cause. The word Punjab is made with two words Punjand ab. North south division being bordering to near North Pole to Afghanistan in the south. It was Sauraseni Apabhramsa that gave birth to Punjabi and was also the mother of the saint’s language, known as sant-bhasa. There are many people in other states of India, as Haryana, Rajasthan and Jammu & Kashmir, who speak Punjabi as their mother tongue. Punjabi is the most widely spoken language in Pakistan, the 11th most widely spoken language in India and the third most-spoken native language in the Indian subcontinent. Literary Hindi, written in the Devanagari script, has been strongly influenced by Sanskrit.Its standard form is based on the Khari Boli dialect, found to the north and east of Delhi. Demography and Geography of Punjabi Language “Punjab” is a combination of two Persian words, “Punj” meaning five and “ab” (Pronounced Aab) meaning water. This race or the tribe was named Aryan or Arya which means the noble one. A person who resides in the region of Punjab and is also a speaker of the Punjabi language is considered a Punjabi. The early Punjabi literature has had a very rich oral tradition and was principally spiritual in nature.Muslim Sufi, Sikh and Hindu writers composed many works in Punjabi between 1600 and 1850. Same thing can be said about the Aryan race that originated in the steppes of Central Asia, in a vast are bordering Turkmenistan and Caspian Sea. The script is Gurmukhi based on Devanagri. Being one of the widely spoken languages in the world,Punjabi is the official language of the Indian State of Punjab and the shared State Capital Chandigarh. Originally all Punjabis must have the same inheritance but among Hindus & Muslims there was a dilution. The partition of the subcontinent in 1947 along religious lines was marked by particular violence in Punjab, where ethnic cleansing and exchange of populations resulted in the expulsion of most Punjabi-speaking Muslims from India and of Sikhs and Hindus from Pakistan. In Pakistan the general maintenance of the historical preference for Urdu has stood in the way of those who looked to achieve an increased status for Punjabi, albeit in a form more obviously influenced in its script and vocabulary by Urdu and so itself somewhat different from standard Indian Punjabi. Earlier this week, the Punjab Assembly passed a resolution that would make Punjabi a compulsory first language in all schools from class 1 through to class 10. Punjabi is thus today one of the very few languages in the world to be written in two quite different and mutually unintelligible scripts. //-->. GurmukhÄ« (Punjabi: ਗੁਰਮੁਖੀ, [ˈɡʊɾmʊkÊ°iː], Shahmukhi: گُرمُکھی ‎) is an abugida developed from the Laṇḍā scripts, standardized and used by the second Sikh guru, Guru Angad (1504–1552). It evolved out of the Apabhramsa of the region. Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the people of historical Punjab - both in Pakistan as well as in India. History of Sikhism in Punjab: Sikhism originated during the 15th century in the Punjab region. There were 76 million Punjabi speakers in Pakistan in 2008. It is the official language of the Indian state of Punjab and is one of the languages recognized by the Indian constitution. It started with the Christian ideology when the creation of the world was reduced to nearly 2000 years but now it has been vastly expanded to 16 billion years and even that is not accurate stat. He brought poetry for common folks. In the cultural sphere, there are many books, plays, and songs being written or produced in the Punjabi-language in Pakistan. They created their compositions in the language of common people and also in Apabhramsa but gradually due to their popularity the language of common people triumphed and manifested as sant-bhasa or language of the saints. The culture of Punjab encompasses the spoken language, written literature, cuisine, science, technology, military warfare, architecture, traditions,sacrifices, values and history of the Punjabi people native to the northern part of the Indian subcontinent.The term 'Punjabi' can mean both a person who lives in Punjab and also a speaker of the Punjabi language. As Punjabi is the official language of Punjab, it gets the name from the … PUNJABI LANGUAGE 1. Other languages were cultivated for most kinds of writing, including Persian under the Mughal Empire, then Urdu during the British period and, in Pakistan, continuing to the present day. These were proud people noble in deed and action, independent and unique. It was a Punjabi dialect with words taken from Sanskrit, prakrit, Apabrahmsa , Farsi and even Arabi due to Muslim invasions. Punjab, state of India, located in the northwestern part of the subcontinent. Most of the people who speak this language live in the Punjab region of Pakistan and India Punjabi is the religious language of the Sikhs. In Pakistan Punjabi is spoken by some 70 million speakers, mostly in Punjab province, but official status at both the national and the provincial level is reserved for Urdu. The name Punjab itself means, “Land of the Five Rivers” It has its origin from the Persian words panj (five) and ab (river). It is also spoken in neighbouring areas such as Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. He travelled far from North of India to the south as far as Shri Lanka and to Tibet in the North. He is creator of all. This was about 33 million in 2011. In order to keep Punjabi language to its original impulses of form & expression, it was necessary to have it written down in its own script. Even Muslims were initiated into yogic cults & non Muslims took freely from Muslim saints. Omissions? It is rumoured that Farid went into the wilderness to meditate and took with him a piece of wood shaped like chapatti and bit into  it whenever he felt pangs of hunger thus severing his bonds with material things of the world. Around 75% of the Sikh population of the world is living in Punjab. The Punjabis (Punjabi (): پنجابی ; Punjabi (): ਪੰਜਾਬੀ) or the Punjabi people are an Indo-Aryan ethnolinguistic group associated with the Punjab region in South Asia, specifically in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent presently divided between Indian and Pakistani Punjab.They speak Punjabi, a language from the Indo-Aryan language family. The word ‘Punj’means Five and abmean water. His name is truth. In the middle ages the Punjabi culture was limited to an individual’s community, caste and village. It is the official language of the Indian states of Punjab and Haryana. This officially recognized Indian Punjabi is generally taken as standard in descriptions of the language. In India, Punjabi is written in the distinctive Gurmukhi script, which is particularly associated with the Sikhs. Punjabi language, Punjabi also spelled Panjabi, one of the most widely spoken Indo-Aryan languages. In spite of Punjabi’s very large numbers of speakers and rich traditions of popular poetry, the standardization of the language was historically inhibited by lack of official recognition as well as by the different cultural preferences of the three main local religious communities of Muslims, Hindus, and Sikhs. Keep Reading Punjabi Books Books are the quietest and most constant of friends; they are the most accessible and wisest of counselors, and the most patient of … Punjabi is the native language of about 130 million people, and is the 10th most spoken language in the world. Modern Gurmukhi has thirty-eight consonants (vianjan), nine vowel symbols (lāga mātrā), two symbols for nasal sounds (bindī and ṭippī), and one symbol which duplicates the sound of any consonant (addak). The Urdu script, written from right to left, is used for writing Punjabi in Pakistan, where it is nowadays often given the imitative name Shahmukhi. In the thinking mode of western people it is a fact as to reduce the millennia time. In Pakistan, Punjabi is spoken by about one-half of all households. 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